Hospitals and well being care employees in Ukraine below assault, a violation of the 1864 Geneva Conference – 60 Minutes

Delly Bezoss

Tonight, the Russian military has deserted its try to take Ukraine’s capital metropolis. Kyiv remains to be below air assault, however Russian floor troops are retreating from the suburbs after struggling grievous losses. 

New photos of liberated neighborhoods are scenes of wreck with proof of many civilian deaths. A Pentagon supply tells us the best battle now’s for the coastal metropolis of Mariupol. Greater than 100,000 civilians are trapped there. Additionally, Russian missiles have exploded within the main port metropolis of Odesa. Russia anticipated Ukraine to fall in a matter of days. However now, after six weeks, the Russian army has didn’t seize even certainly one of its strategic aims.

Eight days in the past, Russian missiles exploded in Lviv—the western Ukrainian metropolis nearest to Poland and NATO. The assault was maybe a message to President Biden who was talking in Poland that very same hour. The title Lviv means “Metropolis of Lions.” And this previous week we traveled there to discover a defiant individuals, braving airstrikes, dashing in medical provides, and sheltering the harmless. 

There was an assault on Lviv on March twenty sixth. As Ukraine fought the inferno, Mr. Biden got here to the tip of a exactly crafted speech, then, advert libbed his disgust for Vladimir Putin.

President Biden in speech:  For God’s sake, this man can’t stay in energy. 

Amongst diplomats, it was heresy. Within the bomb shelters of Lviv, it was a prayer. The area, centered on this almost 800-year-old metropolis, has barricaded its monuments and opened its coronary heart with shelter for half one million homeless Ukrainians.

Larysa (Translated): We wish to go dwelling. We wish to go dwelling now. However they’re taking pictures there.

Larysa, her son and daughter fled town of Kharkiv on a 19-hour practice with no meals or water. 

“Bombing, bombing, bombing,” she advised us. Bombing, day and night time.”

“It is like Armageddon,” she mentioned.


Ten million Ukrainians have fled Armageddon. 4 million in a foreign country, 6 million compressed into Ukrainian cities. Within the “Metropolis of Lions” you may spot the evacuation shelters by the cargo pallets outdoors. They’re foundations for brand new properties. This can be a basketball courtroom, blanketed in donated bedding. The homeless, wrapped in compassion, relaxation on the lattice of the picket pallets. The one place they’ve on this planet measures 10 ft by three and a half.

A basketball courtroom, blanketed in donated bedding

The shelters are dank, with the faint, acrid odor of too many individuals in too small an area. The principles are implied. Hold quiet. Thoughts your pallet. Don’t present concern to the youngsters. 

Meals and medication are briefly provide. Their solely wealth is time. Infinite hours of fear damaged by solely by the sight of a brand new arrival or the wail of a siren.

Air raid warnings break up the day and ship Ukrainians tapping for a brand new app they can not dwell with out. Referred to as “Air Alarm,” it units off the cellphone in an air raid and pinpoints the place the bombs are falling. On this evacuation, we bumped into Iryna. A girl who’d heard one siren too many.

“Why? Why are they wreaking this destruction? What did we do to them?” She mentioned of the Russians.


“While you look down at a curb and also you see somewhat little one mendacity there, useless, what did she do? A whole lot of our little kids are being killed, little kids, do you see?”

We did see, in a picture from town of mariupol. A blood-stained child blanket wrapped an 18-month-old boy. The mom follows her companion right into a hospital. Her little one, named Kirill, didn’t survive. We wish to warn you that what you are about to see of this household is tough to observe, however that is Russia’s struggle on civilians in Ukraine.

The casualties embody the hospitals themselves. Russia targets them in a prison marketing campaign. This can be a hospital in Mykolaiv, one other hospital in Mariupol, the Luhansk Kids’s Hospital, a hospital in Volnovakha and the maternity hospital in Mariupol. 

Dr. Jarno Habicht: We have now seen, as of right now, 72 assaults on well being. 

Dr. Jarno Habicht totals the atrocities as the top of the U.N.’s World Well being Group in Ukraine.

  Dr. Jarno Habicht

Dr. Jarno Habicht: Many medical doctors within the hospitals are additionally below assault. And it is not solely hospitals. It may very well be hospitals. It may very well be the first care facilities. We have now seen many assaults to the ambulances. We have now 71 deaths and plenty of accidents additionally by way of these assaults.

Scott Pelley: Seventy-one useless? These embody well being care professionals and their sufferers?

Dr. Jarno Habicht: These are the well being care employees, sufferers, those that have been within the amenities.

Scott Pelley: How often are these assaults on medical infrastructure taking place?

Dr. Jarno Habicht: Day by day. And that is worrisome.

Scott Pelley: The truth is, attacking well being care employees and well being care amenities is actually the unique struggle crime–

Dr. Jarno Habicht: Sure.

Scott Pelley: From the Geneva Conference in 1864.

Dr. Jarno Habicht: Precisely. 

Scott Pelley: When a hospital is attacked, what’s misplaced?

Dr. Jarno Habicht: You lose hope, as a result of many individuals go to hospital as a result of they wish to get the care. And when hospitals are attacked, you do not have these locations the place you may really get healed and be handled.

Scott Pelley: And that’s the lack of hope?

Dr. Jarno Habicht: Sure.

In Ukraine right now, hope have to be imported. We discovered it in an deserted manufacturing facility the place an American charity, the Worldwide Medical Corps, is distributing medical provides.

Dr. John Roberts: All the pieces is damaged down precisely the way you’d see it, you realize, in a pharmacy. For example, amoxicillin, an antibiotic that is actually, actually helpful.

Correspondent Scott Pelley and Dr. John Roberts open a field of IHK’s

The IMC’s Dr. John Roberts advised us these bins maintain emergency provides known as an IHK or interagency well being package.

Scott Pelley: And this could deal with what number of sufferers for a way lengthy?

Dr. John Roberts: So the IHK as a complete package can deal with 10,000 individuals for 3 months.

Dr. John Roberts: We have now introduced in tons, and tons, and tons of medical provides, surgical gear, drugs, bandages, every part that you’d have to not solely do major well being care, but in addition to do surgical procedure, to start infants, to care for pregnant ladies.

Scott Pelley: With a rustic at struggle, how are the wants completely different? 

Dr. John Roberts: Folks suppose “struggle,” they suppose it is all gunshot wounds and bombs. However when you do not have the well being care system there, every part else that is not usually an issue swiftly turns into an issue. So as an illustration one thing so simple as blood strain remedy, or remedy for coronary heart failure, or diabetes, getting your insulin, that goes away.

Within the warehouse, we met two Worldwide Medical Corps—co-workers– who not too long ago fled burned-out residence buildings in Mariupol. The Russians could not seize the southern port metropolis in order that they bombed the 450,000 residents again to the Center Ages. Violetta Voloshkina and Oleksandr Lapaiev escaped with the reality.

  Oleksandr Lapaiev

“All of the sudden there was no gasoline on the gasoline stations,” Lapaiev advised us. “So, we could not go wherever. Then, meals began disappearing from the shops. And actual hell broke free – energy was out, we could not cost our telephones, the warmth was gone. The worst factor was the explosions getting nearer. The varsity was burning, some outlets had been on fireplace. Subsequent to our residence constructing there was an deserted dwelling. And that constructing actually saved us, as a result of we might go there, break the door frames and window frames, and use that to start out fires.”

Scott Pelley: What occurred to the individuals you had been with, within the bomb shelter?

Oleksandr Lapaiev (translated): There have been about 50 of us within the basement– no room to lie down, myself with my spouse and daughter. There was no lavatory, no water, no gentle. One aged girl suffered for 2 days, she shouted, she moaned. And picture, it is 11 at night time, it is darkish, and he or she passes away.

He advised us, 4 days later they escaped the basement. The physique of the aged lady was nonetheless by the door. 

“Once we had been within the basement,” Violetta advised us, “We thought that solely our place was being shelled, as a result of planes had been flying over us and dropping bombs. Once we left town, we noticed the entire metropolis was destroyed.”

Scott Pelley: You gave us an image of the basement shelter you had been in. What was that like?

Violetta Voloshkina (translated): We needed to prepare dinner on a fireplace. We did not wash for 2 weeks as a result of the water was just for consuming. We collected branches, made a fireplace and all cooked collectively. All of the individuals introduced every part that they had. Naturally, we cooked all of the meat first as a result of it will spoil.

  Violetta Voloshkina

Scott Pelley: Your daughter turned 17 years previous throughout this invasion and I ponder if you happen to suppose she has a future in Ukraine?

“All the pieces I personal suits in a single suitcase,” Oleksander advised us. “I do not know, actually, how a toddler is meant to hold on.”

Scott Pelley: The Russians declare they’re liberating the Ukrainian individuals.

Violetta Voloshkina (translated): We did not ask anybody to liberate us. We lived peacefully in our metropolis. We lived our lives. We went to work, and every part was wonderful, we had a cheerful life. Somebody began a struggle, and somebody ruined our lives.

Lviv has recognized many invasions over eight centuries. Right here, simply going in regards to the day is an act of defiance. On the espresso store door, we could not assist however discover the signal that retains a day by day tally of Russian troopers killed and planes and tanks and ships destroyed. The numbers are frothy however, inside, the place ID’s are checked to maintain Russians out, they’re serving up braveness.

Within the shelters, Dr. John Roberts is trying on the lengthy haul, counting up the shortages. 

Dr. John Roberts: We attempt to formulate precisely what they want, and fill that want in the easiest way attainable. So we herald tons of medications–

Scott Pelley: You recognize, I feel that is the air raid siren.

Dr. John Roberts: Sure, it’s.

As soon as once more, Lviv took cowl. Throughout our go to, the United Nations appointed a fee to research struggle crimes–that can be for the longer term. For now, within the shelters of the “Metropolis of Lions” they pray their gentle endures the darkness.

Produced by Nicole Younger. Affiliate producer, Kristin Steve. Broadcast associates, Michelle Karim and Annabelle Hanflig. Edited by April Wilson.

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